Undergraduate Catalog 2019-2020

Biology (BS)

Study of the biological sciences is a major requirement for students who wish to specialize in such fields as plant or animal research, and for students who plan to enter various health professions, such as medicine, dentistry, medical technology, physician assistant, and physical therapy; research in fields from cells and molecules to organisms to ecosystems, and education at both the high school and collegiate levels. The Department offers a varied and balanced program for biology and health profession majors. The five tracks in the Biology Bachelor of Science degree program are: Bioinformatics, Ecology, Evolution and Behavioral Biology, Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, Neuroscience, and Health Science.

Minimum Grade Required 

A minimum grade of C is required for a biology course to be used to satisfy a prerequisite for a biology course required for the major requirements in the Biology Bachelor of Science. 

Graduation Minimum GPA in Major

To qualify for graduation, students must have at least a 2.5 grade point average (GPA) in the courses that make up the major. 

General Education Requirements  42 credits 
Major Requirements  94-109* credits 
Total Credits Required  128

*22 credits required for the Major may also be used to satisfy general education requirements.

A math placement test is recommended for all students who have demonstrated CUNY proficiency.  Depending on placement results, some students may have to complete MTH 30, and/or MTH 35 and/or MTH 123, and/or MTH 130 prior to enrolling in MTH 230/229 or MTH 231/229. The placement test is offered at scheduled times in the College Testing Office.

Major Requirements

BIO 170General Biology I(LP)(STEM)

3

BIO 171General Biology I Laboratory(CO)

1

BIO 180General Biology II(SW)(STEM)

3

BIO 181General Biology II Laboratory(RLA)

1

 

MTH 229Calculus Computer Laboratory(RLA)

1

MTH 230Calculus I with Pre-Calculus(MQ)(STEM)

6

OR

MTH 229Calculus Computer Laboratory(RLA)

1

MTH 231Analytic Geometry and Calculus I(MQ)(STEM)

3

 

BIO 272Biometrics(RLA)

4

OR

MTH 214Applied Statistics Using Computers(MQ)(STEM)

4

In addition to the above requirements students must complete the requirements for one of the following tracks: Bioinformatics, Ecology Evolution and Behavioral Biology, Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, Health Science, and Neuroscience.

Bioinformatics Track

BIO 205General Physiology(RLA)

4

BIO 312Genetics(RLA)

4

BIO 322Evolution(RLA)

4

BIO 326Introduction to Bioinformatics and Genomics(RLA)

4

 

BIO 327Molecular Biology(RLA)

4

OR

BIO 325Diagnostic Molecular Biology(RLA)

4

AND

BIO 352Cell Biology(RLA)

4

OR

BIO 360Ecology(RLA)

4

AND

BIO 370Biochemistry I(RLA)

4

OR

BIO 372Cell Biochemistry(RLA)

4

AND

BIO 415Mathematical Biology(RLA)

4

One advanced six-hour laboratory course from the following:

BIO 424Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Laboratory(RNL)

3

BIO 450Experimental Methods in Animal Physiology(RLA)

3

BIO 452Experimental Methods in Behavioral Biology(RLA)

3

BIO 454Advanced Methods in Cell Biology(RLA)

3

BIO 456Experimental Methods in Ecology(RLA)

3

BIO 458Experimental Methods in Cell Biochemistry(RLA)

3

BIO 460Experimental Methods in Advanced Genetics(RLA)

3

Two Biology electives

BIO 215Invertebrate Zoology and Paleontology(RLA)

4

BIO 228Botany(RLA)

4

BIO 335Gene Regulatory Systems(RLA)

4

BIO 376Biochemistry II(RLA)

4

BIO 594Biology Ind Study(RLA)

4

Related Science Courses

MTH 231Analytic Geometry and Calculus I(MQ)(STEM)

3

AND

PHY 116Physics I(LP)(STEM)

4

OR

PHY 120General Physics I(LP)(STEM)

3

PHY 121General Physics I Laboratory(RLA)

1

AND

PHY 156Physics II(SW)(STEM)

4

OR

PHY 160General Physics II(SW)(STEM)

3

PHY 161General Physics II Laboratory(RLA)

1

 

CHM 141General Chemistry I(LP)(STEM)

3

CHM 121General Chemistry I Laboratory(RLA)

1

CHM 142General Chemistry II(SW)(STEM)

3

CHM 127General Chemistry II Laboratory(RLA)

1

CHM 250Organic Chemistry I(SW)(STEM)

4

CHM 256Organic Chemistry II(RLA)

4

CSC 126Introduction to Computer Science(SW)(STEM)

4

CSC 211Intermediate Programming(RNL)

4

CSC 326Data Structures(RNL)(CES)

4

CSC 424Advanced Database Management Systems(RNL)

4

One-year of high school chemistry is required prior to entry into CHM 141/121.  If you have not completed one-year of high school chemistry you will be required to complete CHM 100 and CHM 101 prior to registering for CHM 141/121.

Ecology, Evolution, and Behavioral Biology Track

BIO 205General Physiology(RLA)

4

BIO 312Genetics(RLA)

4

BIO 322Evolution(RLA)

4

BIO 360Ecology(RLA)

4

One additional biology course listed in another track and not listed here

3-4

One advanced six-hour laboratory course from the following:

BIO 450Experimental Methods in Animal Physiology(RLA)

3

BIO 452Experimental Methods in Behavioral Biology(RLA)

3

BIO 456Experimental Methods in Ecology(RLA)

3

Nine Biology electives

BIO 213Vertebrate Zoology(RLA)

4

BIO 215Invertebrate Zoology and Paleontology(RLA)

4

BIO 217Introduction to Tropical Ecology(RLA)

3

BIO 222Field Biology(RLA)

4

BIO 225Conservation Biology(RLA)

4

BIO 228Botany(RLA)

4

BIO 230Marine Biology and Oceanography(RNL)

4

BIO 326Introduction to Bioinformatics and Genomics(RLA)

4

BIO 327Molecular Biology(RLA)

4

BIO 332Advanced Physiology(RLA)

4

BIO 335Gene Regulatory Systems(RLA)

4

BIO 338Behavioral Biology(RLA)

4

BIO 378Radiation Biology(RLA)

4

BIO 415Mathematical Biology(RLA)

4

BIO 420Comparative Endocrinology(RLA)

4

BIO 428Plant Physiology(RLA)

4

BIO 434Comparative Physiology(RLA)

4

BIO 443Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray Microanalysis(RNL)

4

BIO 594Biology Ind Study(RLA)

4

Related Science Courses

PHY 116Physics I(LP)(STEM)

4

OR

PHY 120General Physics I(LP)(STEM)

3

PHY 121General Physics I Laboratory(RLA)

1

AND

PHY 156Physics II(SW)(STEM)

4

OR

PHY 160General Physics II(SW)(STEM)

3

PHY 161General Physics II Laboratory(RLA)

1

AND

CHM 141General Chemistry I(LP)(STEM)

3

CHM 121General Chemistry I Laboratory(RLA)

1

 

CHM 142General Chemistry II(SW)(STEM)

3

CHM 127General Chemistry II Laboratory(RLA)

1

CHM 250Organic Chemistry I(SW)(STEM)

4

CHM 256Organic Chemistry II(RLA)

4

One-year of high school chemistry is required prior to entry into CHM 141/121.  If you have not completed one-year of high school chemistry you will be required to complete CHM 100 and CHM 101 prior to registering for CHM 141/121.

Health Science Track

BIO 150Human Anatomy and Physiology I(LP)

4

BIO 160Human Anatomy and Physiology II(SW)(STEM)

4

BIO 205General Physiology(RLA)

4

BIO 220Healthcare Law and Ethics(RLA)

4

BIO 240The Biology of Disease(RLA)

4

BIO 312Genetics(RLA)

4

 

BIO 314General Microbiology(RLA)

4

OR

BIO 350Microbiology and Cellular Pathology(RLA)

3

BIO 351Microbiology and Cellular Pathology Laboratory(RLA)

1

AND

BIO 327Molecular Biology(RLA)

4

BIO 352Cell Biology(RLA)

4

One advanced six-hour laboratory course from the following:

BIO 424Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Laboratory(RNL)

3

BIO 450Experimental Methods in Animal Physiology(RLA)

3

BIO 452Experimental Methods in Behavioral Biology(RLA)

3

BIO 454Advanced Methods in Cell Biology(RLA)

3

BIO 456Experimental Methods in Ecology(RLA)

3

BIO 458Experimental Methods in Cell Biochemistry(RLA)

3

BIO 460Experimental Methods in Advanced Genetics(RLA)

3

Six Biology electives

BIO 213Vertebrate Zoology(RLA)

4

BIO 215Invertebrate Zoology and Paleontology(RLA)

4

BIO 318Histology(RLA)

4

BIO 322Evolution(RLA)

4

BIO 324Developmental Biology(RLA)

4

BIO 325Diagnostic Molecular Biology(RLA)

4

BIO 326Introduction to Bioinformatics and Genomics(RLA)

4

BIO 332Advanced Physiology(RLA)

4

BIO 335Gene Regulatory Systems(RLA)

4

BIO 346General Virology(RLA)

3

BIO 365Principles of Neurobiology(RNL)

4

 

BIO 370Biochemistry I(RLA)

4

OR

BIO 372Cell Biochemistry(RLA)

4

 

BIO 420Comparative Endocrinology(RLA)

4

BIO 434Comparative Physiology(RLA)

4

BIO 442Immunology(RLA)

4

BIO 443Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray Microanalysis(RNL)

4

BIO 594Biology Ind Study(RLA)

4

Related Science Courses

PHY 116Physics I(LP)(STEM)

4

OR

PHY 120General Physics I(LP)(STEM)

3

PHY 121General Physics I Laboratory(RLA)

1

AND

PHY 156Physics II(SW)(STEM)

4

OR

PHY 160General Physics II(SW)(STEM)

3

PHY 161General Physics II Laboratory(RLA)

1

AND

CHM 141General Chemistry I(LP)(STEM)

3

CHM 121General Chemistry I Laboratory(RLA)

1

 

CHM 142General Chemistry II(SW)(STEM)

3

CHM 127General Chemistry II Laboratory(RLA)

1

CHM 250Organic Chemistry I(SW)(STEM)

4

CHM 256Organic Chemistry II(RLA)

4

One-year of high school chemistry is required prior to entry into CHM 141/121.  If you have not completed one-year of high school chemistry you will be required to complete CHM 100 and CHM 101 prior to registering for CHM 141/121.

Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology Track

BIO 205General Physiology(RLA)

4

BIO 312Genetics(RLA)

4

BIO 324Developmental Biology(RLA)

4

BIO 327Molecular Biology(RLA)

4

BIO 352Cell Biology(RLA)

4

 

BIO 370Biochemistry I(RLA)

4

OR

BIO 372Cell Biochemistry(RLA)

4

One advanced six-hour laboratory course from the following:

BIO 424Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Laboratory(RNL)

3

BIO 454Advanced Methods in Cell Biology(RLA)

3

BIO 458Experimental Methods in Cell Biochemistry(RLA)

3

BIO 460Experimental Methods in Advanced Genetics(RLA)

3

Seven Biology electives

BIO 213Vertebrate Zoology(RLA)

4

BIO 215Invertebrate Zoology and Paleontology(RLA)

4

BIO 228Botany(RLA)

4

BIO 240The Biology of Disease(RLA)

4

BIO 314General Microbiology(RLA)

4

BIO 318Histology(RLA)

4

BIO 322Evolution(RLA)

4

BIO 325Diagnostic Molecular Biology(RLA)

4

BIO 326Introduction to Bioinformatics and Genomics(RLA)

4

BIO 332Advanced Physiology(RLA)

4

BIO 335Gene Regulatory Systems(RLA)

4

BIO 346General Virology(RLA)

3

BIO 376Biochemistry II(RLA)

4

BIO 420Comparative Endocrinology(RLA)

4

BIO 425Computational Molecular Biology(RNL)

3

BIO 434Comparative Physiology(RLA)

4

BIO 442Immunology(RLA)

4

BIO 443Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray Microanalysis(RNL)

4

BIO 594Biology Ind Study(RLA)

4

Related Science Courses

PHY 116Physics I(LP)(STEM)

4

OR

PHY 120General Physics I(LP)(STEM)

3

PHY 121General Physics I Laboratory(RLA)

1

AND

PHY 156Physics II(SW)(STEM)

4

OR

PHY 160General Physics II(SW)(STEM)

3

PHY 161General Physics II Laboratory(RLA)

1

AND

CHM 141General Chemistry I(LP)(STEM)

3

CHM 121General Chemistry I Laboratory(RLA)

1

 

CHM 142General Chemistry II(SW)(STEM)

3

CHM 127General Chemistry II Laboratory(RLA)

1

CHM 250Organic Chemistry I(SW)(STEM)

4

CHM 256Organic Chemistry II(RLA)

4

One-year of high school chemistry is required prior to entry into CHM 141/121.  If you have not completed one-year of high school chemistry you will be required to complete CHM 100 and CHM 101 prior to registering for CHM 141/121.

Neuroscience Track

BIO 205General Physiology(RLA)

4

BIO 312Genetics(RLA)

4

BIO 324Developmental Biology(RLA)

4

BIO 352Cell Biology(RLA)

4

 

BIO 365Principles of Neurobiology(RNL)

4

AND

BIO 370Biochemistry I(RLA)

4

OR

BIO 372Cell Biochemistry(RLA)

4

Two additional biology courses listed in another track and not listed here

6-8

One advanced six-hour laboratory course from the following:

BIO 424Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Laboratory(RNL)

3

BIO 450Experimental Methods in Animal Physiology(RLA)

3

BIO 452Experimental Methods in Behavioral Biology(RLA)

3

BIO 454Advanced Methods in Cell Biology(RLA)

3

BIO 458Experimental Methods in Cell Biochemistry(RLA)

3

BIO 460Experimental Methods in Advanced Genetics(RLA)

3

Six Biology electives

BIO 240The Biology of Disease(RLA)

4

BIO 314General Microbiology(RLA)

4

BIO 318Histology(RLA)

4

BIO 332Advanced Physiology(RLA)

4

BIO 335Gene Regulatory Systems(RLA)

4

BIO 338Behavioral Biology(RLA)

4

BIO 420Comparative Endocrinology(RLA)

4

BIO 434Comparative Physiology(RLA)

4

BIO 442Immunology(RLA)

4

BIO 443Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray Microanalysis(RNL)

4

BIO 594Biology Ind Study(RLA)

4

Related Science Courses

PHY 116Physics I(LP)(STEM)

4

OR

PHY 120General Physics I(LP)(STEM)

3

PHY 121General Physics I Laboratory(RLA)

1

AND

PHY 156Physics II(SW)(STEM)

4

OR

PHY 160General Physics II(SW)(STEM)

3

PHY 161General Physics II Laboratory(RLA)

1

AND

CHM 141General Chemistry I(LP)(STEM)

3

CHM 121General Chemistry I Laboratory(RLA)

1

 

CHM 142General Chemistry II(SW)(STEM)

3

CHM 127General Chemistry II Laboratory(RLA)

1

CHM 250Organic Chemistry I(SW)(STEM)

4

CHM 256Organic Chemistry II(RLA)

4

One-year of high school chemistry is required prior to entry into CHM 141/121.  If you have not completed one-year of high school chemistry you will be required to complete CHM 100 and CHM 101 prior to registering for CHM 141/121.

Total Credit Hours: 94-109

Total Credit Hours: 128

Independent Study

With the permission of the Department, a maximum of one Independent Study (BIO 591-594) may be used to satisfy a major requirement.

Requisite Waivers

A student who has educational background or work experience that may be equivalent to the stated pre- or corequisite for a biology course should contact the chairperson of the Biology Department. If it is determined that a student has the appropriate background, a course requisite waiver will be issued.

Honors

The honors program in Biology is available to eligible seniors with a 3.5 grade point average or better. The program requires a minimum of one year to complete. The student may receive up to eight credits for independent study (BIO 594) while completing the honors program. However, students do not automatically gain entrance into the honors program by registering for independent study.

To be accepted into the honors program, the student must first obtain approval from a full-time member of the department to carry out an honors research project. This faculty member will then serve as the student’s advisor. Thereafter, the student will prepare and present a detailed written preliminary proposal of the honors research project for approval to a three-member departmental committee, consisting of the faculty adviser and two other faculty members. The committee will evaluate the proposal. After an oral presentation by the student and upon the recommendation of the committee, the student will be accepted into the program. The student will meet with his or her committee midway through the first semester for evaluation of the project. In addition, the student will submit a written progress report to the committee at the end of the first semester. On the basis of this report, the committee will decide whether the student should proceed further. If the student does not continue in the honors program, he or she may still acquire the credits for independent study.

When the research is completed, the student is required to write up the research in the form of a thesis that will be evaluated at early and final stages by the committee. The thesis format must adhere to that used by leading biological journals, or as outlined in the AIBS style manual. The ultimate decision on thesis format lies with the committee.

Because it will take at least one year to complete the honors program in Biology, it is suggested that the student begin work during the summer immediately following the junior year.